There are various types of tree pruning operations which have a certain purpose and desired outcome in tree maintenance operations and may be the answer to many of your questions and problems, these are:
This involves pruning the height and spread of a tree and can be a useful pruning method in restricted areas e.g. between two properties. The benefits include:
This involves removing lower branches to have a desired outcome which include:
With crown thinning you selectively remove smaller inner branches within the inner canopy of a tree, but still retain the overall shape. Benefits include:
Trees can contain dead and dying branches which can create health and safety risks, and can also damage property, by removing the deadwood you eliminate this problem.
Topping is generally used to reduce the tree height and size significantly, although this may work in the short term, it is not recommended as you should generally not remove any more than 30 percent of a trees crown. The tree will grow back rapidly to replace its missing leaf area, to try meet the nutritional requirements of the tree. This will create many weak growth unions which can be hazardous to nearby property and can pose a risk to health and safety.
Topping will affect the tree in four main ways which include: